Rajab; The Month of Allah
All praise is for the ONE who has spared our lives to see this day. We acknowledge HIS favor and we acknowledge our incapacity and ALL praise is for HIM.
We have entered into the month of Rajab, the first of the three of great virtue. The month of Allah.
Hassan Al Basri (Rahimahullah) mentioned in his Jami saghir that the prophet (alaihis salaatu was salaam) said,
"Rajab is the month of Allah. Sha'ban is my month and Ramadan is the month of my Ummah."
Rajab is one of the four sacred months of the year. Along with Muharram, Dhul Qa'ida and Dhul Hijjah, it is a month in which transgression and sin is worse than at other times. Allah says,
"Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day HE created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein." (Q9:36)
Allah ends this verse with the admonishment "so wrong not yourselves therein" of avoiding sin and transgression during these months.
Although this month is sacred, singling it out for fasting and restricting other forms of ibaada (worship) to its days or nights (as commonly practiced) is not from the sunnah. The sanctity is that sin is avoided and that fighting is prohibited rather than attaching specific acts of worship (such as fasting during its days and standing in prayer through its nights) to it.
Ibn Qayyim (Rahimahullah) said:
"Every hadeeth which mentions fasting in Rajab and praying during some of its nights is false and fabricated."
[from Al Manaar Al Muneef, P. 96]
Also, when Ibn Uthaymeen (Rahimahullah) was asked about fasting on the 27th of Rajab and spending that night in prayer, he said:
"Fasting on the twenty seventh of Rajab mad spending that night in prayer is a bid'ah (innovation), and every bid'ah is a going astray."
[Majmoo' Fataawa Ibn 'Uthaymeen, 20/440.]
It is important to bear in mind that though one may fast in this month, there is no evidence that the fasting is of a greater virtue than fasting at other times. And this applies to standing in one or some of its nights in prayer.
What is expected of us in this month is to refrain our selves from and guard against sin and transgression as it is a month that has been declared sacred by Allah and in so doing, preparing for and asking Allah to spare our lives till Ramadan. Abu Nu'aim mentioned from Ana's Ibn Malik (RadiyAllahu anhu) that the prophet (alaihis salaatu was salaam) used to make this dua when Rajab came in:
"Allahumma baarik Lana fi Rajab wa Sha'ban wa balligna Ramadan."
[O Allah, bless us in (the month of) Rajab and in (in the month of) Sha'ban and let us reach (the month of) Ramadan.]
Increasing good deeds in this month and avoiding sin helps to set the pace for the month of Ramadan. As said by AbuBakr Warraq:
"Rajab is a month of cultivation, Sha'ban is the month of irrigating the fields, and the month of Ramadhan is a month of reaping and harvesting."
May Allah make us of those who honor this month of HIS by avoiding transgression, bless us in it and let us reach Ramadan. Ameen.
Written by Deensister